# 3 Bad Practices: Describing Items in Bills of Quantities – How To Properly Describe BOQ Items

Preparing Bills of Quantities (BOQs) is one of the tasks of a Quantity Surveyor or Construction Cost Estimator. One important thing that makes a Bill useful to the contractor, owner and other members of the project team is how the Bill items are described.  BOQ descriptions should be … Continue reading

# Composite Rate Build Up for Internal Plumbing (Sanitary Fittings) – Approximate Quantities in Elemental Estimate Layout

Composite Rate Build up – Sanitary Fittings Wash Hand Basin: The Elemental Estimate layout and grouping of items will be used in this example. When building up composite rates for Approximate Quantities, you have to follow some basic principles. We are going to illustrate a … Continue reading

# Composite Rate Build Up for Rainwater Downpipes – Approximate Quantities in Elemental Estimate Layout

Composite Rate Build up – Rainwater Downpipes The Elemental Estimate layout and grouping of items will be used in this example. When building up composite rates for Approximate Quantities, you have to follow some basic principles. We are going to illustrate a composite rate … Continue reading

# Composite Rate Build Up for Verges – Approximate Quantities in Elemental Estimate Layout

Composite Rate Build up – Verges The Elemental Estimate layout and grouping of items will be used in this example. When building up composite rates for Approximate Quantities, you have to follow some basic principles. We are going to illustrate a composite rate build-up for … Continue reading

# Composite Rate Build Up for Eaves – Approximate Quantities in Elemental Estimate Layout

Composite Rate Build up – Eaves The Elemental Estimate layout and grouping of items will be used in this example. When building up composite rates for Approximate Quantities, you have to follow some basic principles. We are going to illustrate a composite rate build-up for … Continue reading