100 Walkway Ideas for Your House Yard and Garden Paths – Pictures and Designs from Around the World
- History of Trails and Walkways
- Function of a Walkway
- Walkway Design
- Substructure of a Walkway
- Types of Walkways
- Wooden Walkways or Boardwalks
- Stone Slate and Slab Walkways
- Walkways Made of Dry or Wet Filling
A walkway is a footpath made for pedestrians or people only. In some cases, this accessway can also be used by bicycles but it cannot be used by vehicles, motorcycles or any motorized. However, in cities and towns especially the busy CBD, urban municipal codes will restrict sidewalks to pedestrians only and bicycles will be prohibited from riding on a footpath or pavement. Outside the CBD area and in city outskirts with low traffic, shared paths for pedestrians, cyclists and joggers may be found as well as segregated walkways with cycling lanes. But walkways are not just built for the streets, they are found in landscaping projects for single family homes, multi-family dwellings, hotels and resorts, as well as public parks, gardens and nature reserves. In this article, we will look at walkway ideas and designs from around the world, from rustic African styles to serene Asian Zen garden pathways and neat European contemporary style gardens. However, the difference is that the following path ideas are not the sophisticated ones with intricate design, but they manage to achieve elegance, style and functionality at a low budget.
History of Trails and Walkways
Have you ever wondered, do animals make their own trails in the wild where humans have never set foot? Yes, they do. Going with evolutionary science, there are several wild animals which have been on earth longer than humans by millions of years. So basically, animal trails are the oldest known paths in the world. Wild animals make trails by repeatedly using the same path and marking the path with droppings, urine, footprints as well as crushing or flattening the vegetation along the way. You have probably seen trails left by burrowing rodents such as voles and rats in the grass.
No doubt, later on, the first human species on earth made their trails as well about 300,000 years ago. Some of the oldest known human trails in the world are the Nakasendo Highway Samurai trail in Japan which dates back to 1600, the Ciudad Perdida trail in Colombia which dates back to 800 A.D., the Aboriginal Bundian Way trail in Australia which is over thousands of years old, the Lycian Way in Turkey which has been used much earlier than 500 B.C. and The Ridgeway in the United Kingdom which is believed to be over 5,000 years old.
Today, we have numerous trails that are more varied in style and design, as well as more sophisticated than the dusty trail in the wilderness.
Function of a Walkway
Why do we build walkways? Walkways do not just provide a path, but they have other important uses. A walkway built through a lawn, field, garden or nature reserve protects grass, plants and vegetation from being stamped on and destroyed by humans or pedestrians. Environmental landscaping encourages the uninhibited growth of flora outside the path and a walkway is a means of preservation of flora through providing the only route in the area. In this case, an ecologically conscious landscaper would desist from making several paths across a nature reserve, garden or field. More green than brown is the rule. Human traffic across undesignated paths will eventually lead to soil erosion as green cover is damaged.
A walkway also functions as a safe, smooth and stable passage where the ground is weak, hostile, hazardous and hindering – for example, rocky ground, thorny ground cover, sinking soil, mud, soft soil, watercourses, ditches and pits. In this case, a walkway has to be stable and strong enough to sustain traffic loads as well as withstand erosion and degradation by weather elements.
The primary function of a walkway as we all know is to provide accessway on the ground or land. It’s one of the simplest external works that you can build but to make it attractive you have to be creative. In landscaping, walkways should not look like alien detached elements separated from their surroundings, but they should be designed to complement, contrast beautifully and be in harmony with the surroundings to provide aesthetic appeal to anyone entering your yard or garden. In choosing the materials to make your walkway, you should also think about how it will match or contrast with the kerbs, edges, flower beds, lawn, shrubs and woods. Are there ponds, waterfalls and fountains in your yard? What is the architectural style and colour of your house facade, side and back elevations as well as the colour and theme of your surroundings? Is it a lush green theme, minimal spacious contemporary, ornamental theme or rustic? Basically, design your pathway with the overall landscape and architecture in mind.
Substructure of a Walkway
There are different types of walkways using different materials for surfacing, and whether you need a base as well as sub-base course will depend on the type of walkway, soil profile and the ground terrain. All types of pavers or paving blocks (precast concrete, veneer clay bricks, natural stone etc.) will need a firm sub-base course (gravel) as well as the base also known as sand blinding, sand bed or levelling course. Asphalt/bitumen, tarmac and cast-on-site concrete paving will also need a firm substructure composed of the previously mentioned base layers.
Walkway pavers are laid on a sand bed and then jointed with sand filling which is swept through the joints after installation. Cement mortar may also be used in bedding and jointing pavers but it’s not necessary in most cases, depending on the ground conditions.
Before you install or build a walkway, you must prepare the ground. Remove rubbish, grass, bushes and vegetation including grubbing up roots. Strip and level the ground using a mini bulldozer, evenly spreading excavated soil or alternatively use a scarifier machine to scarify the ground to a suitable depth (150mm). Wet and compact the ground with a vibratory roller in single layers to 98% Mod AASHTO Density until the ground is firm and stable. Fill in holes and depressions by adding suitable excavated soil where necessary and break down oversized material as you level the ground.
As you will discover, some walkways don’t need ground stripping, but they are supported on columns also known as stilts. Wooden ground joists and embedded posts is another method that can also be used to support walkway decking. All you need to do is dig holes for columns/posts, pour in some concrete bases and lay the joists and beams on the longitudinal sides of the walkway. Finally, nail or bolt the wooden decks on top of the beams and joists.
Types of Walkways
There are many ways to classify walkways. We can classify walkways according to the method of construction, type of materials used, layout and design, method of surfacing and structural elements. In this post, walkways have been classified into three main categories:
1 – Wooden Boardwalks
These are made from timber boards, joists and beams. Wooden boards or panels are nailed over the ground frame.
2 – Stone Slate and Slab Walkways (or Block Walkway)
These are made from individual units or pieces of stone. Synthetic stones are usually moulded and shaped into a regular shape (e.g. solid rectangular prism, slab or brick) during the manufacturing process, whereas natural stone is usually available in the form of irregular shaped slates and pieces with a rough unpolished surface. Concrete and porcelain are examples of synthetic rock whereas granite and marble are natural rocks.
3 – Walkways made of Dry or Wet Filling
These are made by pouring and spreading wet or dry filling over prepared ground. In this case, the filling functions as the surface cover by itself, forming a uniform continuous surface with no seams or gaps. Types of filled roads/walkways include earthen roads, gravel roads, asphalt/bitumen roads, macadam, tarmac and poured concrete roads.
100 Walkway Ideas and Pictures from Around the World
Wooden Walkways or Boardwalks
Sossus Lodge in Sossusvlei, Namib Desert
This wooden walkway on stilts gives an attractive rustic appearance which perfectly fits in harmony with the surroundings, an all light-brownish/ rocky earth theme with thatched lodges, settled in a pristine semi-desert area of the Sossusvlei region in Namibia graced with expanses of huge red sand dunes that provide scenic beauty from the horizons and bird’s eye view.
The stilt walkway is raised from the rough rocky ground which is not comfortable to walk on, so it’s understandable why this design was chosen other than its low cost of construction. Light brown wooden boards match with the lodge thatching and walls, as well as the patches of wild savannah grass. The walkway rails and poles are made of raw wooden logs which had their bark removed and finished with wood preservative, providing a rustic touch that keeps in harmony with the overall rough environment. The whole scene is beautiful but simple rustic architecture and materials which won’t cost you an arm and a leg.
Panzi Lodge in Guernsey Nature Reserve, Hoedspruit, Limpopo, South Africa
A wooden walkway on stilts making a passage through a thick canopy of green woodlands in the African bush, and right in the middle of the Guernsey wildlife game reserve in Limpopo, South Africa, connecting multiple thatched timber bungalows perched on stilts. As you can see, a wooden stilt walkway creates a beautiful contrast with thick green savannah woodlands, and the nestled lodges provide a perfect getaway and recluse in a quiet environment.
As per requirements for environmental architecture also known as sustainable or eco-architecture, when building in a nature reserve or protected area, one has to comply with environmental impact assessments that prohibit destruction of flora and habitats in that area. Natural vegetation, including indigenous trees and bushes has to be preserved before, during and after construction. Bungalows on stilts are the best environmentally friendly method of construction that will preserve natural habitats and prevent unnecessary destruction of the environment. Anyway, you wouldn’t want to cut down trees and strip the site of vegetation if you want to build exclusive bungalows that merge and mesh in well with nature, to provide a whole new experience for visitors.
Nambwa Tented Lodge in Bwabwata National Park, Caprivi, Namibia
A beautiful luxury vacation tented lodge suite nestled in a thick green forest, in the heart of the Bwabwata National Park in the Caprivi/Zambezi region of Namibia. A number of tented lodges with wooden floor boards, wall and roof framing have been strategically placed in the dense forest, perched on wooden poles and connected by boardwalks raised above the ground with stilts, this is yet another amazing example of eco-architecture demonstrating the harmonious combination of raw timber construction and green forest.
The Stiltz Bed and Breakfast Lodge in Swakopmund, Atlantic Coast, Namibia
Closer to the Atlantic ocean shore in the semi-desert area of Swakopmund in Namibia, this timber walkway on stilts is part of a bridging network connecting all thatched timber bungalows on the site built in a rectangular floor plan. Just like a lot of the familiar stilt walkways in Africa, it is built from wooden decks and the rails, poles, beams and joists are typically African rustic style, made of raw timber logs stripped of bark. In this example, the logs have been treated and polished with stained wood varnish, providing a dark brown finish that is smooth to the touch.
Daintree Rainforest Wilderness Eco-Lodge, Australia
This eco-lodge is situated in the tranquil wilderness of the Daintree rainforest in Australia. The vacation timber cabins are connected by low-rise free wooden boardwalks with no rails or balusters, winding through the drizzly green rainforest with thickets of palm trees, ferns and bark trees on a brown carpet of dead leaves and undergrowth.
Chateau Ramsak Vineyard Glamping Resort, Maribor, Slovenia
This boardwalk proves that creative simplicity is one of the major elements of elegance in the art of landscaping. Located in the city of Maribor in Slovenia, the Chateau Ramsak is a vineyard paradise not far from the village, a glamorous camping resort inside the quietness of nature and comfort of luxury. Stepped and curved boardwalks with fresh looking wrought softwood connect the luxurious tents dotted over the site. To illuminate the path at night, stylish walkway candle lamps were installed at alternating angles on both sides of the boardwalk. When the switch is on at dusk or dawn, the site is a marvellous scene resembling a starry sky. A stepped and curved boardwalk was chosen for the sloping site as it allows gentle scaling and descent at reduced gradients.
Herbal Glamping Resort in Ljubno, Slovenia
The wooden plank in grass railway sleeper walkway is one of the most imaginative walkway ideas that are simple and low-cost to build yet exceptionally aesthetic. The Herbal Glamping Resort in Ljubo, Slovenia looks like a scenic fantasy village from Disney, with its sprawling green lawn and dashed paths leading to all camping tents, buildings and the focal point – the azure green pool in the centre of the resort which is surrounded by a Roman style circular wooden amphitheatre with wooden floors, steps and beach chairs where guests can lie down in the sun. The resort is hidden away from the madding crowd, nestled in tranquillity between mountain forests. Timber sleeper pathways are easy to build. You only need to dig shallow trenches and then embed the timber rectangular sections in mass concrete, with the top laid flush with the ground, and then filling the gaps with soil and walkway cover such as sod and pebbles.
Nibela Lake Lodge Hluhluwe, KZN, South Africa
This curved boardwalk makes its winding path in the open green lawn field, leading from a thatched African style chalet perched in the trees on stilts and nestled in a thick forest. Nibela Lake Lodge in Hluhluwe is a quiet sanctuary by the lake hosting holidaymakers to a treat of tasty restaurant dishes, bar entertainment, leisure activities and beautiful views of the lake.
Lekki Conservation Centre, Nigeria – Epe Expy, Lekki Peninsula ll
Another fantastic timber walkway suspended in the African jungle. Here, we have a rustic wooden walkway bridge nestled in thick green forests of indigenous trees and bushes in the Lekki Conservation Centre in Nigeria. Unlike the bark stripped logs which are used as they are for walkway construction in previously mentioned vacation lodges, un-wrought timber sawn into rectangular sections and stained with varnish to give the appearance of old vintage grey was used to give a stylish rustic alternative with defined lines. The Lekki Nature Reserve is located in the city of Lagos. Some visitors love going there just to get mesmerized by the canopy walkway dangling dangerously in the air above the bushes.
Stone Slate and Slab Walkways
Slates and slabs made of stone, precast concrete and fired clay are commonly used for building walkways in many house yards as well as everywhere else – ground floor office parks, hotels, resorts, recreational parks, gardens and fields. Natural stone walkways and paths make use of marble, granite, limestone, slate, sandstone, quartz, quartzite and basalt. Synthetic rocks (those made in a manufacturing plant by mixing different types of materials) include concrete, bricks and tiles. Concrete and brick pavers are common in outdoor landscaping works. Bricks are usually made of sun dried or kiln burnt clay, sand lime and concrete. Synthetic stone tiles which are suitable for outdoor works include ceramic, porcelain and terrazzo tiles. All these can be used to build a beautiful walkway or garden path.
Slabs and slates can be arranged in different layouts and patterns on a pathway. Some of the most common paver walkway patterns include the stretcher bond, basket weave and the herringbone (zig zag) pattern. Basic styles include the square or rectangular grid and stylish ones include different variants of the stretcher bond, basket weave, herringbone pattern, the casino blend, parquet, ashlar, circle, scallop, diamond, rosette, promenade, Roman tile, Mediterranean and lattice patterns. Laying irregular shaped slates on the ground so they fit together is quite challenging because you have to figure out the puzzle through trial and error. You will need lots of different sized pieces – large, medium, small and narrow to complete the puzzle.
Another style that you might like is the wide gap stone pattern. The railway sleeper path and the Japanese Zen stepping stone walkway ideas come into mind.
Hover Boutique Hotel and Restaurant in Dilijan, Armenia
White rectangular stone slabs laid in railway sleeper path pattern on well manicured green lawn. The Hover Boutique Hotel is located in the city of Dilijan in Armenia, nestled on a high mountainous region which is forested by thick green woodlands, and affording a beautiful elevated view where you can watch the horizons in peace and tranquillity, while dining in the fresh open air.
Leela Cottages, Ashvem Beach, Goa, India
A square stepping stone walkway with double rows through what looks like moss covered lawn on the palm beach resort of Leela Cottages in Goa, India. The cottages are located on the Ashvem beach coastline which is just a few hundred metres from the Morjim and Arambol beaches, as well as adjacent to the Mandrem beach.
Luxury Villa K-Mea, Seminyak, Bali, Indonesia
White rectangular stone slabs set in green lawn in railway sleeper path pattern. The luxury Villa-K Mea in the resort beach city of Bali in Indonesia is a 3 bedroom property with 3 bathrooms , a kitchen, open lounge and dining room, including a private pool and garden all to yourself. Located 1,35km from the Seminyak Beach and 4.35km from the Kuta Beach, the ocean breeze, waves and white sand are there to soothe your mind whenever you need a walk or just starring into the beautiful horizon from the terrace.
Thai Garden Resort, Pattaya, Thailand
Wide walkway with alternating rows of maroon and sand coloured/tan clay pavers. Edges with plastered brick kerbs and sidewalk flower beds. The Thai Garden in Pattaya is a tropical garden resort with palm trees, manicured green shrubs, hedges and lawn, enclosed by a 3.5 star two-storey hotel apartment block with balconies overlooking the gardens. You can sunbath, swim or dine by the large lagoon pool with clear azure blue water in the open air.
Thanh Kieu Beach Resort Bungalows, Phu Quoc Island, Huong Vuon, Vietnam
A concrete stone walkway with natural grass joints between hexagonal concrete pavers and sidewalk flower beds passing through a green lawn garden. The Thanh Kieu Beach Resort in Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam is a tropical palm tree paradise on the beautiful Long Beach shore with pristine sand, turquoise ocean water and a Lake-size outdoor pool with crystal blue water. Bungalows with terraces are lined up behind the pool offering excellent views of the outside scenery such as the beach, ocean panorama, tropical gardens and the lake pool.
Tan Huong ky Nghi Hoan Hao Cung, Phu Quoc Island, Co Bai Tam Rieng Bungalows, Vietnam
Concrete railway sleeper path with three rows. Square concrete paving slabs were used for the outer rows to create a stylish sleeper path with longitudinal grass tracks. This Phu Quoc island resort in Vietnam looks like a natural tropical garden, covered with palm trees, shrubs, lawn and other species of green plants. It features local exotic style thatched bungalows and oriental garden lamps, all surrounded by pristine white sand beaches with turquoise ocean water. Phu Quoc is a tropical jungle with a national park and adjacent to the Cambodian coast.
Elwood Resort, Phu Quoc Island, Ong Lang Beach, Cua Duong, Kien Giang, Vietnam
A thin brick walkway with red veneer bricks arranged in herringbone pattern. The appearance resembles a wooden parquet flooring, all clean and shining with flower beds and oriental style pathway lamps on the sides, in a palm tree tropical garden with thick green grass and all sorts of beautiful shrubs and plants. The Elwood Resort in Phu Quoc is situated on the Ong Lang Beach and 6 kilometres from Long Beach. There are bungalows of all classes providing best views of the gardens.
The courtyard garden in Elwood Resort is an example of beautiful landscape design. A circular path made of brick parquet flooring surrounds a green lawn mound with a wide canopy tree in the centre. Green plants and shrubs form a thick edging around the parquet path. Cylindrical landscaping pots have been placed around the edges at suitable distances apart, including an oriental garden lamp.
Orange Resort, Duong Dong, Phu Quoc Island, Kien Giang, Vietnam
A wide stone walkway with patterned square pavers of grey and blue colour laid in three rows. On the sides are shrub flower beds, garden path lamps and an open stormwater channel on one side. Just like many other resorts in Phu Quoc Island, the Orange Resort in Doung Dong is a tropical paradise with palm trees, green grass and many types of plants. It’s only 680 metres from Long Beach and 6.23 kilometres from the Phu Quoc Waterfall.
A stone walkway made of slates and intricately patterned paving in Orange Resort, Phu Quoc. The sidewalk plants, grass and tall palm trees lining up the walkway make the whole scene look elegant and picturesque.
A close view of the stone walkway in Orange Resort showing coloured square paving blocks with Arabic mosaic patterns. The mosaic tiles are complemented by tall palm trees, green cover and flowering shrubs on the sidewalk and raised plant bed inside the circular intersection making for an elegant and majestic scene – highway to paradise.
Ngoc Viet Bungalow_Khu Pho 7_Phu Quoc Island_Tinh Kien Giang_Vietnam
A simple brick walkway curving through a path lined with tropical trees and manicured lawn sidewalks between street facing bungalows. The wider middle of the stone walkway has bricks laid in stretcher bond in the longitudinal direction and the edges are bricks laid in rowlock header course pattern which can also be called a horizontal stack bond. The Ngoc Viet Bungalow is a 2.5 star hotel in the CBD of Phu Quoc, Kien Giang Province of Vietnam. There are exclusive and deluxe bungalows with terraces and patios for outdoor relaxation, as well as restaurants and bars. Supermarkets and other shopping malls are within reach as you would expect in a CBD. But unlike a conventional CBD, the Ngoc Viet Bungalow is not noisy and bustling. It’s set in a quiet and peaceful rural background in the tropics.
Landscaping ornamental pots add an oriental garden look to the Ngoc Viet Bungalow pathway.
Sun Viet Bungalow_Tran Hung Dao_Phu Quoc Island_Kien Giang_Vietnam
A slab walkway with large square concrete pavers and natural grass joints looking perfect in the backyard garden of a resort bungalow. The square paving blocks are laid in stretcher bond and the path is bounded by plastered brick kerbs on both sides, which include a shrub/flower bed. A green hedge made of climbing plants is planted in the middle of the lawn functioning as a semi-privacy cover for guests sitting and relaxing in the backyard patio. The Sun Viet Bungalow is a 1 star budget lodge about 2.88 kilometres from Long Beach and 3 kilometres from the Phu Quoc city centre. It features traditional bungalows with columned verandas and patios set in a palm tree garden with an outdoor lounge by the pool in the middle of the resort, brimming with crystal clear blue water under the sun.
Eden Resort, Phu Quoc, Vietnam
A slate walkway curving through a manicured lawn garden of palm trees, shrubs and other tropical plants. The Eden Resort in Phu Cuoc Island is a lush green tropical retreat with numerous hip roofed bungalows and 5-storey terraced apartments by the beach offering private views of the surrounding scenery such as the ocean and white sand beach. There are restaurants, spas, karaoke entertainment rooms and a Jacuzzi pool. One can visit the museum and Pearl farm just nearby.
Cham Villas Boutique Luxury Resort_32 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street_Phan Thiet_Binh Thuan_Vietnam
Intersection of a slate walkway through a green tropical garden of palm trees, manicured lawn, shrubs and wide range of plants, with oriental style pathway garden lamps in the form of miniature thatched wooden huts. The tropical paradise looks all perfect and inviting for someone looking for a quiet place of solitude, meditation and rest. The Cham Villas Luxury Resort in Vietnam is a highly rated vacation sanctuary by the beach, with 18 exclusive villas offering private views of the beach, gardens and sea, access to an outdoor swimming pool , spa and lounge pool surrounded by a tropical cover of palm trees, flowering plants and jungle bushes. There are beachfront villas as well, right next to the white sand and waves.
Sea Star Resort_ Phu Quoc_Long Beach Island_98-2 Tran Hung Dao Street_Duong Dong_Vietnam
Thin manufactured maroon stone tiles used to pave a concrete walkway and steps leading to the bungalows. As illustrated in this picture, ceramic, porcelain, saltillo and terrazzo tiles are good outdoor materials for surfacing a walkway. The Sea Star Resort in Phu Quoc is a 2-star bungalow accommodation located on the naturally shaded area of Long Beach. There are single and double-storey bungalows with verandas and balconies, as well as beachfront villas offering beautiful views of the golden-yellow sand beaches. Sea Star Resort is a nice yellow/maroon theme of buildings and walkways shaded by coconut palms and almonds, and spaces filled with green cover and shrubs. You can lounge under the sun by the blue pool or sand beaches.
Hiep Thanh Resort_100C-8 Tran Hung Dao_Duong Dong_Phu Quoc_Vietnam
A slab walkway with square concrete pavers laid in stretcher bond using two block sizes, with the width of the path being equal to 3 small blocks and 2 big blocks. The kerbs are also concrete. The sloping landscape was covered with wild grass, flowering plants and shrubs, so that no patch of bare ground or soil would spoil the scene, although there are eroded patches of bare ground on the right side of the walkway which need attention and repair. A line of palm trees on the sidewalks completes the tropical look of this resort.
Just by looking at the landscape, a deliberate attempt is being made to grow a dense tropical jungle with every space filled with green plants, bushes, coconut palms and grass. The Hiep Thanh Resort is directly on the sand shores of Long Beach, with multiple red clay tile hipped roof bungalows offering perfect views of the sea and gardens from the verandas and terraces. A pool with blue waters awaits you under the sun in the resort courtyard, and anytime of the day, you can stroll on the sandy beach and gaze at the blue sea horizon or just enjoy peace and tranquillity in the lush gardens.
Bamboo Village Beach Resort, 38 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street, Ham Tien, Mui Ne, Phan Thiet in Vietnam
A blue slate walkway with brick paver edges, winding its way through an idyllic tropical paradise of green forest plants and palm trees. This magnificent view is an example of breathtaking green landscaping. One can tell the slate pathway and its chosen colour fits in perfectly with the manicured lawn sidewalk and the tropical jungle enclosing the scene. It’s quite clear that the most sophisticated and challenging task in this project was making the realistic tropical jungle. Thatched bungalows and hut-shaped oriental garden lamps complete the picture with no breach of harmony and nature. On a serious note, you have to hire this garden landscaping designer!! Building a pathway is easy, growing a tropical garden of this nature is challenging. The Bamboo Village Resort in Mui Ne, Vietnam is a beach vacation spot by the sea. This eco-village resort has thatched bungalows, well maintained scenic lawns and beautiful lush green forests filling brown spaces with thickets of bamboo plants, palm trees, shrubs, ferns, flowering bushes and hedges. It’s a true rustic and exotic paradise with high class facilities such as lagoon pools, ocean view restaurants and outdoor dining, well equipped fitness centre, kids playground, yoga centre, sports rooms and spa.
Blue slate walkway with red brick edges curving past a lagoon pool and thatched bungalows, in the tropical palm tree paradise of Bamboo Village.
The thatched bungalow lush tropical garden of Bamboo Village Resort . The blue-stone walkway can be seen from above with beautiful manicured lawns and tall palm trees lining up the sidewalks.
A slate walkway with brick edges looking rustic, passing by a thatched bamboo bungalow. The landscape is all green, with neat lawns, tropical shrubs and coconut palm trees.
The Garden House Resort, Cua Dong, Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam
A double railway sleeper path of white rectangular slabs tucked in on natural grass lawn is part of the landscaping theme at the Garden House Resort in Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam. Garden lamps on low brick pedestals have been placed at suitable spacing alongside the walkway to light up the path at night. The whole scene looks beautiful. The Garden House Resort is in the vicinity of the CBD, only 3 kilometres away. The nice red brick bungalows are surrounded by tropical tree gardens with stretches of open fields of green lawn giving access to lots of sunshine, and offering beautiful views of the mountains. The nearest beach is Ong Lang which is 2.22 kilometres away from the resort.
During the day, the double railway sleeper paths set in lawn look equally beautiful. The walkway is leading to the doorstep of the brick bungalow.
A double-row railway sleeper path set in green grass running around the community of brick bungalows in the Garden House Resort in Phu Quoc Island.
This brick bungalow in Garden House Resort, Phu Quoc Island has a stylish front-yard walkway made of double rows of rectangular stepping blocks set in lawn in a zig-zag pattern.
A beautiful bungalow with red face bricks, featuring a red clay tile roof with stacked triple gables. The bare patches of lawn show that the ground terrain is red soil as well, making for an incidental landscaping match with the red brick house. The front street is a white block double railway sleeper walkway, making its way through tall palm trees and green lawn.
Doi Sao Phu Quoc Resort, 91-5B Tran Hung Dao, Duong Dong, Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam
Red clay pavers for walkways showing their magnificence in this manicured lawn landscape. Typical clay pavers are thin bricks also known as veneer bricks, with a typical size of 200mm long x 50mm wide x 65mm thick. They can be used on driveways as well, and in this case they are laid with the shorter width flush (horizontal) with the prepared/excavated ground. On walkways, the shorter width is laid vertical and perpendicular to the ground level, so the longer width is flush with the ground. In this project, red clay pavers were laid in herringbone pattern, and the appearance looks similar to wooden parquet flooring.
The Doi Sao Villas in Phu Quoc Island are single family bungalows with pointed red brick walls, red clay roof tiles and stacked double gables, facing the red brick walkways in the pedestrian-only streets of the resort. The grounds are a lush green landscape of manicured lawns in open fields as well as dotted and lined with tall exotic trees such as crape myrtle, almonds and teak. Doi Sao Resort has double storey duplex apartments and terraced bungalows offering uninterrupted views of the gardens and pool. Long Beach is just 500m from the bungalows and villas, and Duong Dong Market is almost thrice the distance away.
Aroma Spa and Bungalow, Area 3, Ong Lang Hamlet, Ong Lang, Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam
A slab walkway made of hollow concrete grid pavers more or less similar to turfstone pavers, and concrete edging. Aroma Spa and Bungalow is a fenced and gated 1-star guest house property in Ong Lang, Phu Quoc with 8 rooms, offering all the convenience you need as an overnight traveller or tourist looking for quiet rest at a cheaper price.
Hollow concrete grid pavers are usually filled with soil and planted with grass to give a magnificent scene shown below:
Free Beach Resort, Block 7 Tran Hung Dao, Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam
A block walkway made of red clay pavers. The thin bricks are laid in stretcher bond pattern and the edges are longer bricks laid in horizontal stack bond. The colour of the bricks matches with the foundation plinth of the bungalows. The Free Beach Resort on Tran Hung Dao Street in Phu Quoc, Vietnam is surrounded by the beach, planted inside a quiet tropical garden of tall palm trees, exotic plants and bushes, with all types of standard, deluxe and exclusive bungalows with verandas and terraces offering private views of the outside scenery and private access to the beach.
The advantage of thin clay bricks in building walkways can be seen in this picture where they are neatly following the undulating terrain, rising and falling with the ground slope. Thin blocks are across the path (with their lengths at a perpendicular direction to the passage) to achieve a smooth surface incline and decline.
On this passage by the doorsteps, longer thin bricks were used to pave the walkway, laid in the longitudinal direction to give an illusion of space, as well as achieve directional harmony with the width of the steps and kerbs.
Nadine Phu Quoc Resort, Group 4 Cua Lap Hamlet, Tinh Kien Giang, Doung Dong, Phu Quoc Island
A stylish railway sleeper path walkway with three rows and alternating/projecting rectangular slabs planted in natural green grass. The Nadine Resort in Phu Quoc is a green lawn paradise with exotic plants, bushes and trees, and only 10 minutes away from Long Beach.
Paradiso Phu Quoc Resort, Group 5 Dinh Ba Street, Ong Lang, Phu Quoc Island
A railway sleeper path bridge walkway over a pond, looking fantastic and aesthetically built with ornamental landscaping pots standing over the water, surrounded by green plants and lawn. This one-man walkway over water is located in Paradiso Resort in Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam. Paradiso is a green tropical garden with thickets of ferns, shrubs, bamboos and palm trees over a lawn landscape. There are outdoor swimming pools, bars and lounges. Visitors have access to the Ong Lang Beach which is right next to the resort and bungalows with private views.
Tropicana Resort Phu Quoc, 100-C4 Tran Hung Dao Street, Quarter 7, Duong Dong, Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam
Encountering three different types of walkways in one place is not something common, but here we have exact the scenario. A stone walkway with small grey rectangular block pavers arranged in random order and bounded with blue edges, and adjacent to it is a stylish railway sleeper path with projecting/alternating slabs on grass. Leading from the pitched roof bungalow on the right is a familiar railway sleeper slab-on-grass pathway. The three pathways are separated by rows of palm trees, shrubs and planters in this beautiful exotic garden of Tropicana Resort in Quarter 7, Phu Quoc Island. Tropicana Resort is your dream paradise of bamboo, fern, crape myrtle, almond and palm forests located by the beachside which is only 1000 metres away from the bungalows. Visitors have the luxury of beachfront bungalows and terraced apartments offering private views of the sea, beach and gardens. The view from the sky is amazing – a huge lake-size pool with azure blue waters nestled in the thick garden, pristine yellow sand beaches dotted with sun umbrellas, and black pitch-roof bungalows hidden in the jungle.
Another exotic style pathway in Tropicana Resort, Phu Quoc Island with an oriental touch. A wide slate walkway with grass joints was made through the green carpeted bamboo and palm tree forest. The oriental slate pathway is curving in a zig-zag manner between pot planters placed strategically at diagonally alternating points along the walkway. Bamboo trees were planted close to each other on the edges to form a natural hedge.
You are probably now familiar with the railway sleeper on grass pathway. This curving railway sleeper path connecting a pitched-roof bungalow is another addition at Tropicana Resort on Phu Quoc Island.
Minh Tam Resort, 130 Nguyen Dinh Ham Tien, Mui Ne, Phan Thiet, Vietnam
An oriental garden path made of rectangular concrete slabs with alternating colours and brick edges laid in horizontal stack bond, passing through a wide grass walkway with concrete kerbs on both sides, and sidewalks planted with thick shrubs, palms, poplar and banana leaf plants. The stone path leads to a circular raised plant bed with brick edging and a Bhudda statue placed in the middle. Minh Tam Resort in Mui Ne, Phan Thiet has beautiful gardens and walkways shaded by tropical trees as well as green lawn landscapes, deluxe and exclusive rooms with garden and ocean views.
Sasco Blue Lagoon Resort in Phu Quoc
A slate walkway with concrete kerbs in the tropical palm tree resort of Sasco Blue Lagoon in Phu Quoc, Vietnam.
The same slate walkway can be seen around a two-storey hipped roof holiday apartment at Sasco Blue Lagoon Resort in Phu Quoc.
Colour Cottages, Pemenang, West Nusa, Tenggara, Indonesia
Large square concrete slab pavers with imprinted white circles used to build a beautiful walkway lined with lawn strip edging and rows of exotic plants on both sides. Located in Pemenang, Indonesia, the Colour Cottages is a 2-star lodge with wooden bungalows set in a tropical garden of palm trees, just near the beach.
The precast concrete slab walkway looks even more stunning with a thick bush of strappy plants and palm trees on both sides. The lawn edges look nicely trimmed as well, defining the block lining quite well for an aesthetic appearance.
Walkways Made of Dry or Wet Filling
As described earlier, these walkways utilize wet or dry filling as the surface cover. Earthen roads, gravel roads, asphalt/bitumen roads and poured concrete are all types of filled roads. We can divide filled roads into four subgroups which are surfaced roads, paved roads, granular roads and unsurfaced roads (which are also known as earth or dirt roads).
Surfaced walkways are made of macadam, asphalt/bitumen, tarmac or chip seal. The surfacing material is poured on prepared ground in a liquid viscous state or in paste form (plastic fluid state).
Paved walkways are cast on site surface beds, made of poured concrete which is spread around, tamped and levelled. Since we are talking about filled roads, the correct terminology should be wet paved roads.
Granular walkways are made of gravel or granular soil which is made up of fine and granular particles, e.g. sandy clay, silt, sandy silt.
Unsurfaced walkways are bare earth paths, which may be filled with excavated earth from other areas and compacted.
Elwood Resort, Phu Quoc,
A cast-on-site, poured concrete walkway through the tropical garden of Elwood Resort in Phu Quoc. Transverse joints to allow for expansion and contraction are required for poured concrete slab roads, and a longitudinal joint will be required for a wide two lane road. On a walkway which is often narrower than a road, transverse joints for both expansion and contraction should be enough. Expansion joints separate sections of the slab with full-depth gaps filled with 25mm thick joint sealant (a fluid gel) or compressible fibre board. Fluid gels are either cold or hot applied and these include hot applied polyurethane and polymeric sealants, as well as cold applied rubberized asphalt, elastomeric polysulphides and others. Compressible fibre boards include asphalt , cellular foam, sponge rubber and cork. Contraction joints are different from expansion joints, these are cut 50mm deep on the surface with a saw while the concrete is wet.
Aruza Resort, Hem 91 Tran Hung Dao_Duong Dong_Phu Quoc Island_Vietnam
A beautiful sand walkway in the front yard of holiday bungalows in Aruza Resort, Phu Quoc Island shows that a simple sand path can add an aesthetic touch when included in a manicured lawn and plant garden. The line of bungalows had their front beautified with a green lawn planted with flowers, shrubs and exotic trees. Leading from the front steps is a white block-on-grass railway sleeper path, and the backyard boundary is a row of young palm trees on a flower/shrub bed.
The sand path through a lawn garden looks equally beautiful at night when lit with garden lamps.
Sen Viet Resort, Phu Quoc Village Sport and Spa
A poured concrete slab walkway with a rough wood float surface finish, and bounded on the edges with clay bricks laid in horizontal stack bond. The curving slab walking looks fantastic in a tropical garden landscape with palm trees, green grass, shrubs and flowers on the sides. The path red brick edging matches the red brick theme of the bungalows.
The Sen Viet Sport and Spa is a beautiful 3-star resort with rustic style bungalows, restaurants, massage parlour, bar and lobby, all set in a green garden of sprawling lawns, palm trees and shrubs. A rectangular swimming pool with clear blue waters is nestled in the centre of the gardens surrounded by palm trees.
Bienvenue_A_La-Marette Le Marais Mainguy, 44210 Pornic France
A beautiful coloured asphalt/bitumen walkway with dark brown surface and white edges, at the Bienvenue A La Marette farm cottage and guesthouse in France. The scene looks neat and splendid with the dark brown tarmac intersection between a manicured lawn landscape.
Aman Kyoto Luxury Resort , Japan
An asphalt walkway with green moss growing between the cracks. This must be an old tarmac or the cracks might have been deliberately induced to encourage natural moss growth which functions well as a creative aesthetic pattern in the garden. This shrub and tree forest is found in the Aman Kyoto luxury resort in Japan, one of the former sites of ancient Japanese imperial gardens , situated among woodlands and hills.
Silver Beach Hotel, Ngapali Beach, Ngapali, Rakhine, Myanmar
An asphalt walkway with stamped square patterns and brown edging, winding through an attractive tropical palm tree garden with vast spaces of manicured lawn, and dotted with thatched bungalows. Silver Beach Hotel on Ngapali Beach in Myanmar is a quiet 3-star exotic resort with beachfront bungalows in a small village-style setting with beautiful gardens and walkways.
Hotel Gianyar Bali Indonesia
A narrow asphalt walkway with white edges and stamped patterns, passing through a green lawn garden with exotic trees, shrubs and 5-tier water fountain on the side. Hotel Gianyar in Bali, Indonesia is a one-star hotel with nice green outdoors and pathways.
Family Guest House, Sukma Tebesaya 39, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia
An asphalt pavement stamped with white animal patterns. Rough polished stones cut into long sections and stained with dark greyish colour to match the asphalt were used as kerbs to contain the thick green garden of exotic shrubs, plants and trees. It’s a beautiful scene to pass through this path at Family Guest House in Ubud, Bali. The Family Guest House is a one-star bed and breakfast in the vicinity of the city centre.
Green Fields Luxury Villas Bali Indonesia
An asphalt walkway with white triangular marks was built in the courtyard separating the luxury villas. In the centre of the walkway, rectangular moss grass planters were installed to divide the path into lanes. The edges are low and thin precast concrete kerbs containing moss grass on the sides. Close to the walls is a second tier precast concrete planting strip with higher edges used for strappy leaf plants and shrubs. Walking through this magnificent passage is a beautiful experience. The Green Fields Luxury Villas are located in Ubud, Bali. The 4-star hotel is in the outskirts of the city, with private double storey villas facing the beautiful open grass fields where guests can watch the outdoor scenes through wide window facades or sit outside in the verandas and balconies.
Blue Andaman Lanta Resort in Koh Lanta District, Krabi, Thailand
A lagoon-shaped poured concrete walkway with smooth curves, making its way through a green tropical garden of exotic bushes and plants. The aesthetic feature of this paved walkway is the defined smooth curves which need to be exposed, this should explain the bare ground next to the walkway, but as you can see, the bare ground doesn’t look good although shrubs, herbs and trees were planted all around. The bare ground would better off be covered with pebbles, sand, moss or lawn. The Blue Andaman Lanta Resort in Ko Lanta, Thailand is a 2-star bungalow resort by the Phru Khlom beach with beautiful gardens, lagoon pool and affordable bungalows. Looming behind the resort is a thick palm forest which makes for a picturesque coastline.
Pop Riverside Homestay, Mueang Trat District, Thailand
A cast-on-site concrete slab walkway slab stained with worn out grey, golden amber and soot effects to give a rustic look that matches the “worn out” timber posts, iron gate and benches as well as the chromatic harmony of the kerbs, ornamental dolls and landscaping pots. The overall colour theme is orange to russet/dark brown palette. Stained timber gate posts have vintage Asian pillar lamps perched on top of them. Entering the resort garden through the rustic gate is fantastic as the walkway is enveloped by a green forest and landscape – walkway through a tropical palm paradise. The Pop Riverside Homestay in Mueang Trat District, Thailand is a 3-star resort by the river, out of city limits and set in a tropical garden with rustic bungalows, restaurant, and outdoor structures, all surrounded by exotic trees, plants, shrubs and landscape ornaments.
Nongoma Lodge and Inn CC Mason Street, Lot 38-39, Nongoma, KZN, South Africa
A cast-on-site concrete walkway lined with manicured shrubs on the sides proves that you don’t need to invest much in walkways if you have the green landscaping and edging plants right. The shrubs were neatly pruned into human and bird forms, making for a beautiful walkway to pass through. Nongoma Lodge and Inn CC is a 3-star hotel with thatched bungalows, located in KZN, South Africa.
Baltic Natur Park, Holiday Resort on Lakowa 14, Niechorze, Rewal, Western Pomerania, Poland
A gravel walkway next to a precast concrete block walkway, bounded with precast concrete kerbs. The landscaping is green manicured lawn and indigenous trees. The paved walkway leads to a row of single-storey terraced houses. The Baltic Natur Park in Rewal, Poland is a 4 –star holiday resort with apartments and deluxe lodges, located by the Niechorze Beach. Guests are catered for with a restaurant, bar, playground, open park and fitness centre.
I-Hotel Nungwi Beach, Nungwi, Tanzania
A white pebble walkway with loose filling spread evenly by the entrance of a thatched house painted white. The white pebble path looks good, but the landscape, planting strips and kerbs need some work. The bare ground should be filled green with grass, the dry lawn needs to be patched, watered and maintained. All kerbs need to be plastered and painted white. The I-Hotel is located on Nungwi Beach in Nungwi, Tanzania.