100 Water Garden Ideas from Around the World – Water Features, Fountains, Waterfalls, Ponds, Pools and Streams – Pictures

100 Water Garden Ideas from Around the World – Water Features, Fountains, Waterfalls, Ponds, Pools and Streams – Pictures


History of Water Features.
Types of Water Features.
Water Fountains [Beautiful Water Fountain Ideas].
Waterfalls [Beautiful Waterfall Ideas].
Streams [Beautiful Water Garden Stream Ideas].
Ponds [Beautiful Pond Ideas].
Pools [Beautiful Pool Ideas].

Water garden ideas come in different forms such as water fountains, falls, streams, curtains, pools and ponds. All you have to do is decide what type of water feature you like among the five. But before we define, distinguish and illustrate each of these water features, we have to discuss the purpose and history of water features. Why do we build water features in our yards and gardens?

First and foremost, water features are aesthetic landscaping features that we add on our property to improve and beautify the yard, make it good looking and pleasing to the eye. While garden features such as water fountains which are part of extensive landscaping will increase the value of your home in affluent/high class locations, the same cannot be said about water features in middle class and low-income areas, but of course you might be able to squeeze at most $2700 out of your water feature addition, which is an insignificant amount that barely increases the value of your home in terms of real estate valuation.

History of Water Features

According to archaeological discoveries, water features such as fountains were used between 2000 and 3000 B.C. by the early Sumerian civilization in the Mesopotamian  cities of Tello and Mari. While the fountain discovered in Tello was a basic basin carved out of stone and dating back to 3000 B.C. , the fountain discovered in Mari (dating back to 2000 B.C.) is the oldest known true water fountain sculptured into a female figure holding a base in her hands, with water spouting from the basin. The stone fountain sculpture was an aesthetic piece which also had religious significance, symbolizing a Sumerian goddess and was probably functional as well, serving as a water source for drinking.

Water features existed in many other ancient civilizations such as the Egyptian, Chinese, Indus Valley and Middle Eastern cultures, including the Aztec-Maya Inca civilizations. Early fountains were used for supplying water for domestic uses (e.g. drinking and bathing), built on the output ends of water channels and functioning as valve-less taps, spouting out water at high or low pressure. Ancient cultures made use of gradient (slope) to channel water from a higher point to a lower point by the action of gravity. Water from natural springs and reservoirs was channelled to manmade fountains in cities and human settlements. If the water source was at a lower altitude than the city as in the case of the Nile River in ancient Egypt, water was lifted from the source using a shaduf and dumped into manmade canals or ditches.

Between 3000 BC and 1450 BC, the Minoan civilization in Crete, Greece flourished alongside other civilizations of that era in the Bronze Age. They dug and built square shaped water fountains with a pebble-stone base on top of natural artesian springs. Water would sip up through the base, filling the square well/cistern made of limestone block walls. Steps led down to the well and water would be collected using vessels. These type of fountain also known as a Tykte or Minoan fountains were discovered in the ruins of the Knossos Palace and Zakro Palace in Caravanserai. The Zakro Palace fountain was built between 1700 and 1500 BC.

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