How To Install Laminate Flooring Properly in Old and New Constructions, Uneven Floors

How To Install Laminate Flooring Properly in Old and New Constructions, Uneven Floors


Layers of Laminate Flooring Board

Types of Subfloors Suitable for Laminate Flooring

How To Fix an Uneven Floor

Subfloor Moisture Content Management

Preparing the Wood/Laminate Floor Panels for Installation: Acclimatization

Step by Step Installation

Subfloor Floor Layout, Transition Profiles and More

Laminate flooring is a multi-layered single board with tongue and groove edges for fitting the boards together. The boards are laid on a suitable subfloor using the floating floor method whereby the tongue-and-grooved planks are not fixed to the subfloor by any means. Apparently, no glue or nails are used to fix the laminate board in place, so this is not a permanent installation, but a floating floor which can be easily removed during renovations. The floating floor system is a modern method of installing laminated floor boards which is widely used nowadays, being preferred by many homeowners due to its ease of installation, removal and capability of being re-used in new works. Glued and nailed laminate floors are no longer popular.

Other advantages of laminate flooring is that it is cheaper than natural hardwood floors, although vinyl floor covering is a little bit cheaper than laminated board floor. Hardwood floors are highly valued because of their durability, natural wooden texture and appearance as well as their ability to be sanded and refinished. Laminate flooring is a cheaper alternative to achieving a hardwood appearance due to its decorative paper layer that can be imprinted with a wide variety of wood appearances. However, unlike natural wood which can be easily scratched, blemished, dented and stained by spills, the surface layer of laminated floor boards is made of melamine resin which is not just stain-proof, but also highly resistant to abrasion and wear.

Laminate flooring has its disadvantages and challenges. While it looks like one of the easiest floors to install, the conditions in which the floor is installed as well as the fixing methods will make all the difference between a disastrous and top-notch installation. Installing a floating floor requires careful preparation of the subfloor as well as making allowances and adjustments for the environment/conditions and properties of the floor. The most common problems affecting laminate board floors is poor installation, lack of preparation and planning leading to buckling, micro-gapping between boards, expansion bumps, uneven floor, moisture damage and footstep impact plank noise. Also, laminate flooring is not as durable as hardwood and it tends to be too slippery. Tests by the CPSC have found that laminate flooring can release toxic amounts of formaldehyde in the air depending on the type of floor, its components and manufacturing process. High levels of formaldehyde can cause health issues such as cancer, skin rash, itching and asthmatic allergies.

Layers of Laminate Flooring Board

At this point, you should be wondering what the layers of laminate flooring are made of. As mentioned previously, laminate flooring is a plank, board or panel with layers bonded and fused together into a single board with superior qualities. The board is factory-made, manufactured by pressing and fusing together 4 or 5 layers of materials, each of which has specific characteristics and properties which are required to make a super composite board known as a laminate.

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