How To Build a Garage Made of Brickwalls
Cost of Building 24×24 Detached Double Garage
Introduction: Double Garage Cost Factors and Functional Capacity
A 24×24 ft garage is 7315x7315mm wide in metric units of measurement. The cost of building a detached garage in the USA like any building depends on various things such as the type of materials used, cost of labour, size of the building and ground conditions. The variation of material and labour costs with time across states, cities and counties in the USA is measured and depicted by the construction index within that location or region. Hence, you will find that it’s much cheaper to build a house in Ohio, Kansas, Iowa, West Virginia, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Arkansas, Minnesota, New Hampshire, South Carolina, New Mexico, Missouri and Texas, than in Hawaii, California, Washington, Massachusetts, New York, Illinois and New Jersey, which have the highest building costs in the United States. The estimated building labour costs per hour range from as low as USD$14 per hour in Mississippi to as much as USD$27 per hour in Hawaii.
A 24×24 ft detached garage is big enough to function as a double garage for both small and big cars such as SUVs, light pickups and mini-vans. Trucks, Lorries, limousines and large vans are excluded. The detached garage illustrated in this post can accommodate two full-size SUVs such as the Lexus LX 2019 and the Mitsubishi Montero Sport 2016, while allowing full-swing room area for a standard 813mm wide hardwood door. There is walking space all around and between the parked cars, so the car is safely protected from scratching the walls and doors. In order to ensure that you are parked at the right distance from the pedestrian door and side walls within the garage, you have to install a door swing area sign on the floor.
So it has already been stated that the construction index in your area will determine how much you will pay to build your garage. Whether you are building the garage yourself or hiring a local contractor is one of the factors that you have to consider. The contractor’s costs will include a profit margin and contract administration costs which will increase the amount you are supposed to pay for the project. Building the garage by yourself may not be a smart option if you don’t have construction skills and experience. Garage design costs will depend on the party tasked with producing architectural drawings. Will you be hiring a draughtsman, engineer or architect to design your garage or will you do it yourself? A garage is a simple building, but if you need a luxurious and exclusive product on the high end of the scale, consulting an architect may be a good decision.
Two or more home owners living in the same region, and planning to build a garage with the same design and material specifications should be expected to pay the same costs for the project, but this is not always the case. Prior to building, preliminary investigations are usually done on the site to determine ground conditions, site access and location of water, electricity supply services. An Engineer’s geotechnical report will reveal the soil type and ground conditions of your site. This report is used by the Engineer to determine a suitable foundation depth of your garage. Foundations should be built on soil with suitable load bearing capacity. Digging deeper to reach a layer with stable cohesive soil will be necessary. Weak and compressible soils (silt, clay, peat, loose sand, gravel, soft chalk) provide poor support for foundations because of their various characteristics which include water retaining capacity, shifting, expansion and losing cohesive friction (vulnerability to water erosion) in the case of wet sand/gravel. Poor soils require a deeper foundation than medium and high cohesive strength soils, but this depends on the depth in which the firm layer is found. Loam and rock are the two soil types that are suitable for supporting a foundation because of their stability.
When building foundations, the ground conditions will determine the costs. Foundations on weak soil will require deeper foundations which will increase the costs of foundation brickwork. Soil stabilization to increase the load bearing capacity of weak soils will be much more extensive and specialized than stable soil, therefore you should expect increased costs in this regard. How high is the water table on the site? A high water table will increase underground drainage costs during construction, and specialized engineering design solutions for foundations may be necessary to counteract problems created by a high water table.
Firm/stable soils are suitable for shallow and medium depth foundations. This translates into low costs for foundation walls. Building on hard and soft rock will reduce the required depth and cost of foundation footings further, but the reduced costs may be offset by the high costs of excavating in rock.
Another important consideration is the building envelope, also known as the superstructure. These are the walls above the foundation plinth level. A brickwall garage in the United States is more expensive to build than a steel/timber framed garage with cladding made of profiled metal sheets, precast concrete panels, sandwich panels, timber board, plywood, plasterboard or blueboard. Bricks are a suitable choice for building a garage or house because of their many advantages which include durability, strength, stability and resistance to weather elements.
Cost of Permit for Building a Detached Garage in the United States
The cost of a building permit will be included in your garage project. Just like any building extensions and additions that you want to add to your house, you will need to apply for a building permit to build a garage on your residential lot. However, whether you need a permit or not depends on the state in which you live. Most likely, you will require one. You cannot proceed to build without obtaining a permit. That will be a violation of the building codes in your area.
An application for a building permit is lodged with the department of building in your city. The branch of the city/town council or local municipality responsible for approving and issuing building permits will help you in this regard. Visit their website to get more information on the application procedure and fees. As an example, if you live in the City of Delray Beach in Florida, permits are required not only for houses and other dwellings, but also for miscellaneous works such as swimming pools, driveways, sidewalks, sheds, patios, pool decks, doors, awnings, shutters, windows and fences. The permit fee is based on the estimated cost of your project. If the estimated cost of building your garage is $15,000, you will pay $50 for the initial $1,000 of your garage cost, and $22 per $1,000 of the remaining cost. That will be $50 + ($22 x 14) = $358
Please note that this is just an example of how permit fees are calculated in the City of Delray in Florida. Other cities will have their own method of fee assessment. The cost of a building permit in the USA will vary by city and state. Request a fee schedule from the building department in your city. If you have an experienced Architect, Building Designer or Contractor in your pre-construction team, they will probably be familiar with the permit application process and approval requirements. They can get a building approval for you. Your garage drawings will be required and site inspections will be done by city council inspectors/engineers to evaluate your project for a permit.
Cost of Building a 24×24 ft Detached Garage in the United States
Scope of Project: A detached double garage, size 24×24 feet (7.315×7.315m wide), gross floor area 53.51m2 (576 square foot), superstructure made of 230mm one-brickwall, rough tan facebricks, 2800mm high from plinth level (floor level), with 230x475mm high reinforced concrete beam (30MPa/19mm) over front entrance. The walls are unplastered both sides except for plinth, gables and RC beam over garage entrance. The plinth and gables shall be plastered with a Pebble Dash plaster finish, and painted with Firebrick colour finish. The RC beam shall be plastered both sides with a Pebble Dash plaster finish and painted with Burlywood colour finish. The floor consists of a 100mm thick reinforced concrete bed (25MPa/19mm), laid over DPM and hardcore filling, with a 35mm thick granolithic screed black top finish (grey colour). The substructure is made up of 300x700mm wide concrete footings (20MPa/19mm), foundation walls 700mm high made up of 230mm tumbled common bricks. Sloped concrete ramps will be required on the front entrance where the garage rollup door is positioned.
The roof structure is built from 10 timber trusses span 7315mm (24ft), riser 914mm high (3ft), top and bottom chords 51x102mm pine sections, inner members 51x70mm pine sections, all connected by 6mm thick steel gusset plates on both sides of the truss. Trusses to be held in place and stabilized against lateral wind forces by longitudinal bracing 100x30mm timber sections, and diagonal bracing 100x30mm timber sections. Purlins 75x50mm fixed longitudinally across trusses. Plasterboard ceiling fixed on 38x50mm sawn softwood brandering at 400mm centre to centre spacing. The roof covering selected for this garage shall be 0.7mm thick IBR box profile/ribbed Colorbond® steel sheets (Sky blue colour) 32mm deep and 1000mm wide units. The roof drainage system includes 90x90mm square galvanized steel gutters and 75x75mm square galvanized steel downpipes, painted with dark slate gray colour coating. Fascia boards and eaves soffit boards shall be installed to the side elevations. Barge boards and verge soffit boards will be fixed on gable ends. All painted with sky blue colour coating.
One pedestrian door 813x2032mm high will be placed on the right elevation. The vehicle entrance shall be fitted with a custom Wispeco garage door for opening 3025x2100mm high. Last but not least, the garage shall have a single medium-size casement window 763x783mm high with a side-hung half-width outside opening panel and fixed panel on the other side.
The estimated cost of building this garage is shown below:
Construction Works – $36,723.37
Add Contingencies – $1,000
Total Cost Carried to Tender – $ 37,723.37
This is a Final Summary of the Total Cost of building this garage according to provided design and material specifications, as well as the assumed site conditions. Specifications and site conditions are not the same for every garage project, and therefore the building cost may differ by a wide range as expected. If client A built a garage for XXX amount of US Dollars, it doesn’t mean client B will also pay XXX Dollars to build his or her own garage. This is a mistake that most clients make. The BMW X-2 and Honda HR-V are both sub-compact SUVs of similar dimensions in both length, width and height but their price tags differ significantly by $14,885. The BMW X-2 is priced at $36,400 and the Honda HR-V is priced at $21,515 because of their different manufacturing specifications. The same applies to residential and commercial buildings. Specifications rule the price.
This Final Summary only shows you the Total Cost, it doesn’t show you the cost elements. Not very helpful if you want to purchase materials, plan your budget for each phase of the construction, or send out a tender to selected contractors in your area. You won’t be able to secure a building loan or any type of financing with this Final Summary Total. Banks and financiers need to see the cost breakdown.
Get a full Bills of Quantities for this Garage with all the cost elements >> Bills of Quantities and Illustrated Takeoff Measurements and Drawings for Detached Garage
How To Build a 24×24 feet Detached Brickwall Garage
Detailed Step-by-Step Construction Method
If you are to build a 24×24 ft garage in your home, you have to understand the elemental parts of a garage structure, as well as the building trades that are involved in the project.
Cost Elements / Parts of a Garage Structure:
Please note that this is not a step-by-step guide to construction or method of construction. The Elemental Cost Layout shown below shows the components (sub-elements) in each element of the garage:
Element 1 – Foundations
Unreinforced strip footings
700x300mm thick unreinforced concrete (25MPa) strip footings, including trench excavation 1000mm deep from ground level, earthwork support, carting away excess excavated material to spoil heaps or dump site, backfilling with excavated material on site, compaction of bottoms, surface blinding (concrete class 15MPa) on compacted bottoms and soil poisoning to prevent termite/ant infestation and weeds – [m]
- Extra-over excavations in soft and hard rock – [m3] 5% of trench excavations.
- Keeping excavations free of water – [Item]
External one brickwall (230mm common bricks) average 800mm high up to plinth level, including brick wire reinforcement, DPC, plaster and paint on plinth – [m]
Element 2 – Ground Floor Construction
Solid floors (surface beds)
100mm Thick wood floated concrete (30MPa) surface bed, including ground excavation to strip level, scarifying and compacting ground surfaces, earth filling under floors from excavated material from spoil heaps, imported hardcore filling, sand filling, DPM and mesh wire reinforcement, [m2]
- Saw-cut contraction joints on top of concrete slab [m]
- Expansion joints between vertical concrete and brick surfaces [m]
Reinforced concrete (30MPa) in steps with 300mm wide treads, 100mm high risers including excavation, disposal of excavated material, earth filling from spoil heaps, hardcore filling, sand bed, DPM, soil poisoning, compaction, formwork and reinforcement (100kg/m3) – [m2] (flat area on plan)
200mm Thick steel trowelled concrete (30MPa) ramp (raft foundation slab), with sloped top and 225mm deep x 450mm wide edge thickening. Overall height of edge thickening including slab = 425mm, including excavation, disposal of excavated material, earth filling from spoil heaps, hardcore filling, sand bed, DPM, soil poisoning, compaction, formwork, mesh wire reinforcement in slab and steel reinforcing bars in thickened edge (100kg/m3) – [m2] (sloped area on plan)
Element 3 – Structural Frame
Suspended beams (30MPa) 230mm wide x 475mm deep over garage door opening, plastered and painted both sides (pebble dash finish on external side, smooth finish on internal side) including reinforcement, rough formwork to sides and smooth formwork to soffit. [m]
- Slip joints between horizontal concrete and brick surfaces including cement mortar bed. Not exceeding 300mm wide.
Element 4 – External Envelope
External 230mm one-brickwall, rough tan facebricks, 2800mm high from plinth level (floor level), including brick wire reinforcement and beam filling – [m2]
External 230mm one-brickwall (common bricks) in gables, average centre height 1016mm, including brick wire reinforcement, plaster and PVA emulsion paint on both sides – [m2]
External wall finishes
The external wall superstructure is made up of facebricks, measured above.
Galvanized steel casement window, size 763x783mm high, with side hung outside opening panel, brass lever handle and fixed panel on the opposite side. Each panel has six glass panes. Including two precast concrete lintels size 110x75mm thick, precast concrete cill 295x70mm thick, curtain tracks, 6.38mm clear glazing, high gloss enamel paint to steel frame and PVA textured emulsion paint on precast concrete cills and lintols – [No.]
44mm Thick solid core hardwood flush panel door, size 813x2032mm high, fixed on 1.2mm double rebated pressed steel door frame for one-brickwall, including all ironmongery and sundries (Lock, handles, butt hinges, door stop, strike plate, hoop iron anchors built into brickwork etc), high gloss enamel paint to hardwood door and steel frame – [No.]
Special doors – Wispeco Rollup garage door.
Wispeco or similar approved galvanized pressed steel curtain, sectional overhead garage rollup door for opening 3025x2100mm high, pre-painted with silicon polyester Chromadek colour, with Nylonfel running strips inside the U-section guides, sloping bottom rail, torsion bar, balance springs, adjustable ball bearing hinge rollers, cables, buffers etc, vertical U-section tracks fixed to brickwall and/or concrete, headroom of 540mm for door up to 2400mm high, front elevation sideroom of 135mm, side elevation sideroom of 555mm. Wheel axle fixed to brickwork and/or concrete with L-shaped steel brackets. Door fitted with rubber bottom gasket and electric automatic door operator with manual override, courtesy light, wall console and one or two remote control units – [No.]
Element 5 – Roofs
Structural roof construction (trusses, bracing, wall plates, ties etc.)
Timber roof construction consisting of 10 no. double-pitched trusses Type T24 Howe profile truss span 7315mm x 914mm high in the centre, including 100x30mm thick longitudinal and diagonal bracing.
- 150x50mm Wall plate including 10mm cement mortar bedding and wood preservative coat –[m]
Roof coverings (roofing sheets, purlins, battens etc.)
0.7mm Colorbond TL-5 metal (Colour C/Bond “Sky Blue”) IBR profiled rib and pan steel roof sheeting, 1000mm cover width, 32mm rib depth, 130mm pan width and accessories, including 75x50mm timber purlins or rails at 1200mm centres.
- Ridge capping 715mm girth, including broad flute closers on both sides to suit IBR profile – [m]
Super SisalationÄ Heavy Industrial Grade 420 – Double sided reflective foil laminate incorporating layers of kraft paper and reinforcing scrim, laminated to a blue polyethylene waterproof sheet utilizing low density polyethylene (218gsm).
Eaves (fascia board, eaves soffit board, gutters and painting)
15x225mm Wide medium density plain fibre-cement fascias , including 6x778mm wide eaves soffit board, 100x100mm square galvanized steel sheet Chromadek coated gutters, PVA emulsion paint to fascias and soffits, bitumen paint inside gutters – [m]
Verges (barge board, verge soffit board and painting)
15x225mm Wide medium density plain fibre-cement barge boards, including 6x300mm wide verge soffit board, and PVA emulsion paint to verges and soffits – [m]
75x75mm square galvanized steel rainwater pipes fixed with galvanized steel brackets to brick, including high gloss enamel paint – [m]
Element 6 – Floor Finishes
Applied floor finishes
35mm Thick tinted granolithic screed finish on floors – [m2]
Steps and ramp finishes
35mm Thick tinted granolithic screed finish on steps to treads, risers, edges and landings – [m2]
Element 7 – Internal Wall Finishes
Finishes to internal walls
One coat 1:5 cement plaster on concrete, with steel trowel floated finish on beams and PVA emulsion paint on plaster.
Element 8 – Ceilings and Soffits
Nailed up ceilings
Gypsum plasterboard horizontal ceiling formed of 10mm thick x 1200mm wide boards with and including 9 x 50mm fibre cement jointing strips and 38 x 50mm sawn softwood brandering at 400mm centres in one direction and around edges where required for fixing cornices, securely spiked to roof timbers, hinged metal trap door 600x600mm wide including all ironmongery, and, including superior PVA matt acrylic paint on ceiling – [m2]
Cornices (including painting, polishing etc.)
Gypsum plasterboard 75mm coved cornice, including superior PVA matt acrylic paint – [m]
Element 9 – Electrical Installation
Complete electrical installation including conduits, sockets, switches and lighting.
Element 10 – Fire Services
Chubb or similar approved 4,5kg Carbon dioxide fire extinguisher complete with 520 x 115 x 22mm thick timber backboard plugged to wall and varnished.
Element 11 – Special Fire Protection
Smoke detection system
Early fire warning system
EXTERNAL WORKS AND SERVICES
Element 12 – Stormwater Drainage
Surface water channelling
Precast concrete drain channels 1000mm long x 363mm wide x 340mm high units, non sloped, weight w/o grating 122kg, internal width 300mm, with galvanized steel edge, including trench excavation, filling, compaction of bottoms and sand bed. PC drain channel units closely butted at ends including bedding, jointing, pointing and MW30/30 galvanized steel mesh grating and cover – [m]
Element 15 – Site Clearance
Digging up and removing rubbish, debris, vegetation, hedges, shrubs and trees not exceeding 200mm girth, bush, etc, including grubbing out stumps and roots and backfilling and compacting grub holes – [m2]
Cutting down trees
Trees exceeding 200mm girth – [No.]
Element 16 – Roads, Paving Etc
Element 17 – Preliminaries
Please note that the cost of Preliminaries will depend on the size and scope of the project. A small project like a garage will not require a huge site up and establishment. The project duration and size of personnel required on site will be small. The types of major plant required will be much less than that of a big residential or commercial project. Everything will be small-scale. The Preliminaries below are for illustration purposes only, not necessarily what you will require for a garage or every other project.
Salaries and wages of personnel (Professional, supervisory and administrative staff including general workers in the administrative office setup on site. This excludes tradesmen and construction workers).
Setting out and site survey
Transport (All transport costs excluding vehicle allowances/benefits included in the remuneration package for site personnel. Includes transportation of materials, equipment and labourers, as well as travelling costs, flights and accommodation)
Cleaning up site (Cleaning up the site during and after completion of works, including removing and carting away rubble, debris and rubbish to a dump site for pickup by a dump-truck)
Insurances (all risks, public liability, defects liability funds)
Element 18 – Contractor’s Fee
Contractor’s profit and attendance for all construction work if not spread pro-rata over all elements. Expressed as a percentage of the construction cost excluding contingency allowances.
Element 19 – Price and Detail Development
Allowance for lack of detail at estimate stage. Expressed as a percentage of the construction cost.
Element 20 – Building Contract Contingencies
Allowance for unforeseen work arising during the course of construction. Expressed as a percentage of the construction cost.
VALUE ADDED TAX
Element 21 – Value Added Tax
According to the tax laws in your country, add an allowance for construction VAT if a garage project is taxable, or if the value of your project falls within the tax bracket.
Bills of Quantities and Building Trades for this Garage Project:
The full/detailed Bills of Quantities for this detached garage can be purchased from Amazon stores. Get the Kindle book or the paperback (traditional print), shipped to your home address by Amazon fulfilment services >> Bills of Quantities and Illustrated Takeoff Measurements and Drawings for Detached Garage
Summary of Bills of Quantities:
BILL NO.1 – EARTHWORKS (PROVISIONAL)
BILL NO.2 – CONCRETE, FORMWORK AND REINFORCEMENT
BILL NO. 3 MASONRY
BILL NO. 4 WATERPROOFING
BILL NO. 5 ROOF COVERINGS ETC
Bill No. 6 CARPENTRY AND JOINERY
BILL NO. 7 – CEILINGS, PARTITIONS, ETC.
BILL NO. 8 – IRONMONGERY
BILL NO. 9 – METALWORK
BILL NO. 10 – PLASTERING
BILL No. 11 – PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE (PROVISIONAL)
BILL NO. 12 – GLAZING
BILL NO. 13 – PAINTWORK
BILL NO. 14 – PROVISIONAL SUMS
Get the full Bills of Quantities for this Garage >> Bills of Quantities and Illustrated Takeoff Measurements and Drawings for Detached Garage
The book contains:
- Bills of Quantities for a Detached Garage for two cars.
- Construction work items organized according to trades.
- Scaled 3D building illustrations and drawings of the relevant Bill items and garage.
- Takeoff quantities and digital dimension sheet entries.
- Unpriced Bills of Quantities for material ordering, pricing and tendering.
- Illustrated plan takeoff measurements of the garage.
Cost of Common/Standard Bricks and Blocks in the United States
The price of bricks varies among building material suppliers in the USA according to local production costs. Bricks are sold per 1000 units, giving the buyer a discount over the unit quote. The price depends on the type of bricks wanted, their size, strength, durability, aesthetic qualities, physical properties, method of manufacture (burnt, sun-dried, machine moulded, handmade or extruded bricks) and the materials used. The materials used in the manufacture of different types of bricks include clay, sand lime, fly ash and concrete. Burnt clay bricks range in quality from class 1 to class 4, with class 1 bricks being of the highest quality in terms of durability, compressive strength, surface texture and well-defined burnt shape. Sun-dried (unburnt) bricks also known as Mud or Adobe bricks are not burnt, but they are made by drying in the sun a composite/plasticized mixture of various earth materials such as clay, sand and loam. Constituents such as straw, dung or rice husks are added to bind the brick and allow uniform shrinkage.
You can find common and standard bricks, clay or concrete at one of the following building material suppliers in the USA. They are usually sold at a wholesale price:
Home Depot is the largest and well-known supplier of materials and tools in the construction and home renovation niche in the United States. They have a range of 16 inch-long concrete blocks in various thicknesses and widths. This includes plain and face blocks. A random survey of their prices looks like this:
- 4 x 8 inch block – $0.95
- 6 x 8 inch block – $1.69
- 8 x 8 inch block – $1.79
- 6 x 8 inch block (Natural face) – $2.29
- 6 x 8 inch block (Red, yellow and natural face) – $2.29
Lowes is one of the biggest hardware stores and supplier of home renovation products and materials in the USA. Running over 2000 stores in the United States, this store has one of the widest ranges of bricks that you can find among construction hardware retailers. You will find not only common bricks, but standard bricks as well. This includes clay and concrete bricks, as well as fire bricks. There are solid and hollow core bricks such as the Red Oldcastle brick with 3 cores. Prices of bricks will vary according to your location or ZIP code. A random survey of brick prices in Jackson, Mississippi is as follows:
- Oldcastle red hollow core brick – $0.52
- Lee Masonry full standard concrete brick (4 x 2.25 x 8 inch) – $0.71
- Pacific Clay common full clay red standard brick – $0.75
- Pacific Clay common full multiple colours/finishes standard brick – $0.85
- Cap full concrete block (4 x 8 x 16 inches) – $1.75
- Hollow core concrete block (8 x 8 x 16 inches) – $1.55
- Pacific Clay common split red full clay standard brick – $0.80
- Basalite red standard concrete brick – $0.65
- Pacific Clay common split multiple colours/finishes clay standard brick (another model) – $0.70
- Pacific Clay bullnose red hollow core brick – $2.18
Just like HomeDepot and Lowes, Menards Inc is a hardware and material supplier for home building and renovations. It’s the third biggest home improvement retailer in the USA after Lowes, with about 350 stores across the country. The Menards department of building materials has in stock different types of concrete bricks and blocks. The solid concrete common brick (3.5 x 1.75 x 7 inches) is sold for only $0.38 per brick. Other concrete blocks in their warehouse include:
- 4 inch standard rectangular hollow core concrete block (3.625 x 7.625 x 15.625 inches)
- 4 inch solid concrete block (3.625 x 7.625 x 15.625 inches)
- 2 inch solid concrete block (1.625 x 7.625 x 15.625 inches) – $1.09 per brick
- 8 inch square hollow core concrete block (7.625 x 7.625 x 7.625 inches) – $2.58 per brick.
Cind-R-Lite, a building block manufacturer in Southern Nevada makes different about 7 types of blocks ranging from precision blocks to slump blocks.
Riverside Brick and Supply Co Inc
Riverside Brick, a company in Central Virginia originally started as a brick making plant, but then quit the trade to specialize as a representative of the best brickmakers in the United States. In case you are looking for bricks or suppliers, it seems they are best placed people to connect you with the right brick supplier in your location.
ACME Brick, a company in Fort Worth Texas supplies bricks and other building materials including the innovative glass blocks.
Cherokee Brick is a US brick manufacturer with headquarters in Macon, Georgia and a brick plant in Jackson, Mississippi. This company is capable of supplying bricks for all types of building projects not only in their region but in 32 other states in the USA. Bricks can be produced in their plant to meet the customer’s project quantities and other demands such as quality.
Cost of Cement in the United States
Along with the cost of bricks, the price of cement is one of the factors with a huge influence over the construction index in a given location. Cement is a binding material used in a wide range of construction applications which include concrete and mortar mixes for foundation footings, surface beds, slabs, beams, columns, floor screeds, brickwork jointing and plaster coating/rendering for walls and ceilings. Portland cement is undoubtedly the most well known and widely used cement around the world including the United States.
According to Statistica, the organization has been tracking the price of cement in the USA since 2007. In the period 2007-2018, cement prices fell from $104 per metric ton in 2007 to $89.50 per ton in 2012. The price then increased steadily to $126.50 per ton in 2018. That’s equivalent to $0.1265 per kg, which is $6.33 per 50kg bag.
According to Y-Charts, the manufacturer’s price index for cement and concrete products in the USA was 131.90 in 2007, rising steadily for the next two consecutive years, and then falling down in 2010 and 2011 to 135. However, the index began climbing uninterrupted from 2012 to 2018, reaching a high of 169 in December 2018.
Random survey of cement prices from major material suppliers and retailers:
Quikrete commercial grade Portland Cement 94LB
Titan high strength masonry cement 80LB
AG (Ash Grove) masonry cement 75LB
Retail bagged dry mortar mix:
Retail mortar mix is a dry blended mixture of Portland cement and sand in appropriate ratios. All you have to do after purchasing the bag is mixing the contents with water at home to create wet/plasticized concrete for your project.
AG (Ash Grove) Pro mason mortar mix 80LB
Amerimix mortar mix Type S 80LB
Retail bagged dry concrete mix:
Retail concrete mix is a dry blended mixture of Portland cement, sand and gravel in appropriate ratios. All you have to do after purchasing the bag is mixing the contents with water at home to create wet/plasticized concrete for your project.
Quickrete concrete mix 60LB – $3.99 $5.57
Quickrete concrete mix 50LB – $5.98
Quikrete hydraulic water-stop cement 20LB – $14.25
Quikrete quick setting cement concrete mix 20LB – $12.97
Quikrete quick setting cement concrete mix 10LB – $6.89
Lowes has a wide supply of Portland and masonry cement. This is a good place to source large quantities.
Sakrete Portland cement Type I/II (94LB) – $13.75
Lehigh Portland cement Type I/II (94LB) – $13.75
FastSet Quikrete high performance cement 50LB (self levelling floor resurfacer) – $37.97
Quikrete commercial grade masonry cement 70LB – $11.15
Quikrete hydraulic water-stop cement 50LB – $35.55
Sakrete Type N masonry cement 70LB – $11.15
Lehigh Type N masonry cement 70LB – $11.15
Retail bagged dry concrete mix:
Quikrete high strength concrete mix 50LB – $3.23
Quikrete high strength concrete mix 80LB – $4.45
Quikrete ProFinish 5000 high strength concrete mix 80LB – $6.65
Quikrete ProFinish crack resistant high strength concrete mix 80LB – $6.20
Quikrete fast setting concrete mix 50LB – $5.80
Quikrete precision grout high strength mix 50LB – $15.97
Menards is a huge store with an impressive array of cement types, including bagged concrete and mortar mixes. You will probably find what you are looking for in required quantities, whether large or small.
[Instant Post Set] Instant setting cement for metal/timber posts 50LB – $6.99
Mastercraft masonry cement type S (75LB) – $12.35
Mastercraft masonry cement type S (70LB) – $11.97
Mastercraft Portland cement Type 1 (92.6-94LB) – $14.97
Mastercraft Portland cement Type 1 (46.2LB) – $8.99
Crack resistant surface bonding cement 50LB – $14.99
LeHigh white Portland cement Type 1 (92.6LB) – $37.99
Foundation insulating coating cement 50LB – $19.99
Retail bagged dry concrete mix:
Core fill masonry grout 80LB – $5.99
Mastercraft maximum strength concrete mix 60LB – $8.99
Mastercraft crack resistant concrete mix 60LB – $4.13
Mastercarft fast setting concrete mix 50LB – $5.80
Mastercraft cement Type S 75LB – $12.35
Mastercraft 5000 PSI concrete mix 60LB – $6.25
Mastercraft concrete mix 60LB – $2.50
Mastercraft mortar mix Type S (80LB) – $6.99
Mastercraft cement Type N 70LB – $11.97
Non-shrink precision grout 50LB – $15.97
Retail bagged sand:
Quikrete mason sand 50LB – $3.98
Cost of Sand and Gravel in the United States
Fine and coarse aggregate is required for making concrete. Sand and gravel are the most commonly used fine and coarse aggregates respectively. Sand is not only used in concrete mixtures but also in mortar, grout, screed and plaster mixes. By itself, sand is used as blinding or filling material, spread in 50 to 75mm thick layers under floors, foundation trenches, ramps, aprons and paving. Gravel is used in concrete mixes and also as hardcore filling under ground slabs, steps and surface beds.
Aggregates complete the BIG 3 of materials that have a bearing over the construction price index, along with bricks and cement.
Natural sand is found in huge quantities in many countries, but it has quickly become one of the most over-extracted materials since 1990, with its price increasing by 6 times as much. Some countries have begun experiencing a shortage of sand due to its over-extraction and massive use in construction activity spurred by industrialization and commerce. The United States is among the industrialized regions that consume a lot of sand in construction, the others being Europe and Asia Pacific.
According to data from Statistica, the organization provides a combined price for sand and gravel, implying that the price of these two materials is the same. In the United States, the price of sand and gravel has increased by 26.63% since 2007, up to the period ending in December 2018. The average price was $7.06 per metric ton in 2007, $7.65 per ton in 2012, $8.28 per ton in 2015 and $8.94 per ton in 2018. The current price is roughly $0.45 per 50kg bag.
Statistics compiled by the US government in 2015 show that the price per metric ton ranges ranged from $4.90 to $9.74 for most states, with only 7 states above $10 and Hawaii being an outlier with the most expensive rate at $22.50. Minnesota had the cheapest rate in the country. You can download the report at USGS (National Minerals Info Center).